Climate Action in Seychelles & the NDCs

1. THE PARIS AGREEMENT (2015)

The Paris Agreement is a legally binding international treaty on climate change, adopted by 196 Parties at COP 21 in Paris, on 12 December 2015, and entered into force on 4 November 2016. Its goal is to limit global warming to well below 2, preferably to 1.5 degrees Celsius, compared to pre-industrial levels. To achieve this, countries aim to reach global peaking of greenhouse gas emissions as soon as possible to achieve a climate neutral world by mid-century. Seychelles signed the Paris Agreement in 2015.

More information about the Paris Agreement: The Paris Agreement | UNFCCC

2. INDCS: COUNTRIES’ INITIAL NATIONAL CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PARIS AGREEMENT IN 2015

All countries that signed the Paris agreement in 2015 submitted a statement of their initial national goals for climate action – how they would contribute towards achieving the global targets by 2030. This statement was called the Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC). In their INDCs, countries communicated actions they planned to take to reduce their Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions and help slow down or mitigate climate change. Countries also communicated actions they would take adapt to climate change and build resilience to adapt to the impacts of rising global temperatures.

Seychelles prepared its Intended Nationally Determined Contributions in September 2015. Read the full report

Summary of Seychelles’ INDC (2015)

Climate Change Mitigation (Reducing GHG Emissions)

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The main objective for Seychelles is to reduce its economy-wide absolute GHG emissions by 122.5 ktCO2e (21.4%) in 2025 and estimated 188 ktCO2e in 2030 (29.0%) relative to baseline emissions.

Strategies for reducing emissions:
Climate Change Adaptation

The Government of Seychelles considered adaptation to climate change as a high priority to reduce the country’s vulnerability. The cost of achieving the implementing the adaptation contributions (2030) has been estimated to be at least USD 295 million.

The main actions up to and beyond 2030 are to increase resilience and reduce vulnerability of livelihoods and island life with respect to critical infrastructure, tourism, food security coastal and marine resources, water scarcity, energy security and health.

Vulnerabilities Increased Resilience from
Critical Infrastructure

Climate change adaptation to be mainstreamed in all sectors with critical infrastructure 

Planning process for all new developments, with associated improvements in the building codes and their rigorous enforcement

Tourism Greater co-management of the sector by the Ministry of Tourism and Department of Risk and Disaster Management as well as with the Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change
Food Security A sustainable modern agriculture supported by new and innovative technologies across all food production supply and value chains, and by skilled and qualified human resources and integrated with the Blue Economy and Seychelles Strategic Plan 2015
Biodiversity

Fully implemented Seychelles Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan 

Fully implemented and enforced Biodiversity Law 

Fully bio-secure border

Water Security Fully integrated approach to water security that addresses issues such as ecosystem health, waste management, water treatment and supply, sewage, agriculture, etc
Energy Security

More resilient energy base with greater innovation of renewable energy where practicable 

Efficient fuel-based land transport and more use of electric vehicles charged with renewable energy technology 

Strengthened cooperation between Government entities

Health

Health sector able to respond to population increase and its additional climate-related health burden

Exploration of relevant potential science and technology innovations

Waste

Waste managed according to strict hierarchy and waste policy fully implemented 

Exploration of relevant potential science and technology innovations

3. NDC REVISION (2020) AND THE NDC PARTNERSHIP

The Paris Agreement works on a 5- year cycle of increasingly ambitious climate action carried out by countries. By 2020, countries were expected to submit their updated plans for climate action known as “nationally determined contributions” (NDCs).

More information about the NDCs: Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) | UNFCCC

Under the Paris Agreement, countries NDCs should include updated national targets on mitigation and adaptation from their initial 2015 goal submissions (the INDCs). Countries party to the Paris Agreement were able to request technical assistance for their NDC revision from the NDC Partnership.

The NDC Partnership: Accelerating Climate Action & NDC Implementation : NDC Partnership | NDC Partnership

Through their Climate Action Enhancement Package (CAEP), the NDC Partnership delivers targeted, fast-track support to countries to enhance the quality, increase the ambition, and implement their NDCs, as part of the 2020 update process. The nature of support received from the NDC Partnership is nationally determined and specific to national needs and context.

More information about CAEP: Climate Action Enhancement Package (CAEP) | NDC Partnership

Under the CAEP, Seychelles benefits from support from different partners, including UNDP.

4. THE UNDP CLIMATE PROMISE INITIATIVE SEYCHELLES

The Climate Promise Initiative Seychelles is a UNDP supported financial and technical program to help Seychelles make the NDCs more ambitious and realistic, adding new relevant sectors as agreed with the Government in preparation for the UNFCCC Conference of Parties (COP) 26 in 2021.

For more information about the UNDP Climate Promise, please visit the page: Climate Promise | UNDP.

Seychelles Climate Promise Initiative Program:

Download the Leaflet
Download the Poster

The main objectives of the CPI in Seychelles:

  1. To review, update and cost the existing NDC in SeychellesThe following reports were prepared culminating in the Seychelles updated NDC, submitted to the UNFCC Secretariat in June 2021.
    • Rapid Assessment of Seychelles NDC 2015.
    • Seychelles NDC Scorecard
    • Assessment of the Mitigation Potential of various sectors for the revised Nationally Determined Contribution for the Republic of Seychelles
    • Proposal for NDC Coordination, monitoring and accountability mechanism
    • Seychelles NDC report 2021
  2. To provide stakeholder engagement services in the review and update of the NDC, with particular reference to Youth and Gender.The following reports were produced to meet this objective:
    • Review of NDC through Gender and Youth Perspective in the Seychelles
    • Analytical study on the relationship between Climate Change, Gender and Youth in Seychelles.
    • A Citizens Charter for Climate Action and Empowerment was developed.
5. SEYCHELLES’ CLIMATE CHANGE REPORTS, PLANS, POLICIES & OTHER PUBLICATIONS

Seychelles commitment to climate action dates back to 1992 when it signed the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Since that time, several reports have been submitted to the UNFCCC:

In addition, Seychelles has produced several other climate change plans, policies and reports that contribute to local understanding of climate change and guide climate action:

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